A Community-based Survey on Stroke Awareness in Underprivileged Urban Areas of Bangalore, India





stroke, risk factors, community, survey, poverty, India


Stroke is a major public health problem all over the globe, especially in low and middle-income countries like India. In the urban areas of India, the disease has grown to epidemic proportions. The underprivileged residents in urban slum areas have poor health literacy, usually resulting in poor health-seeking behaviours. Hence, efforts towards stroke prevention and risk factor control are critical in urban slum areas. The objective of the study was to assess the awareness about stroke among adults residing in the urban slum area of Bangalore, India. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a mixed-methods approach, where data were collected from 490 adults using self-reported questionnaires. Over half of the participants (52%) did not know that the brain is the primary organ affected by stroke. Hypertension (44.9%) and diabetes mellitus (23.6%) were the most cited risk factors by participants. In binary logistic regression analysis, higher education was a predictor of stroke awareness (OR 0.65, p=0.02). Several misconceptions about stroke risk factors were identified among the participants. Poor awareness about stroke and its risk factors among the underprivileged urban population is demonstrated in this study. The study highlights the need to develop and implement strategies and programmes to improve awareness about stroke for the whole community.


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How to Cite

Baby, Priya, Ramya Kundayi, and B.V. Kathyayani. 2023. “A Community-Based Survey on Stroke Awareness in Underprivileged Urban Areas of Bangalore, India”. Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery 25 (2):17 pages. https://doi.org/10.25159/2520-5293/13708.



Received 2023-05-17
Accepted 2023-07-03
Published 2023-07-25