The Negative Portrayal of Women in Francis Nyamnjoh’s A Nose for Money as a Challenge to Male Oppression




African feminist theory , A Nose for Money, female characters, Francis Nyamnjoh, patriarchy, portrayal of women


African female critics in general oppose negative portrayals of female characters in African literature and advocate for more positive depictions of these characters. Even though women’s rights are more widely recognised today, patriarchy still adversely affects women’s lives. It is therefore not surprising that African male-authored texts would reflect this situation. This article thus draws on African feminist theory to examine Francis Nyamnjoh’s negative portrayal of female characters in his novel A Nose for Money (2006). It focuses on the protagonist’s four wives and their relationships with their husband and each other. It argues that African male writers can use negative portrayals of female characters to highlight women’s predicaments in order to stir change in society. The article concludes that the negative portrayal of female characters in the novel serves a positive purpose given that it challenges male oppression.


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How to Cite

Koumtoudji, Édith Félicité. 2023. “The Negative Portrayal of Women in Francis Nyamnjoh’s A Nose for Money As a Challenge to Male Oppression”. Imbizo 14 (1):17 pages .



Received 2022-03-17
Accepted 2023-04-25
Published 2023-08-11