Aligning Nigeria’s International Obligations: A Comprehensive Analysis of Environmental Protection within the Industrial Law and Policy Framework


  • Lilian Onyinyechi Uche Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies
  • Oluchi Azoro-Amadi Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies



climate change, environmental protection, economic development, industrialisation, international law, sustainable development


Environmental protection is a global concern but action taken varies widely. The absence of sustainable practices in labour and industrial policies in Nigeria has contributed significantly to environmental degradation. This is due to the non-internalisation of environmental concerns and non-adherence to international environmental laws and obligations, which has led to the absence of environmental protection standards as a factor in investment decisions. Studies have shown that minimising environmental impact is essential for the planet and the long-term success and reputation of a business. Therefore, in this article it is argued that a comprehensive set of guidelines and procedures to govern operations in areas such as waste management pollution, energy use, and emissions reduction, as well as employee training and engagement in sustainable practices, will minimise environmental footprints and positively impact on communities. Understanding that commitment to international obligations and national policies reflects the belief that business has a crucial role in preserving the environment for future generations, a regular assessment of progress towards meeting these obligations and seeking opportunities for continuous improvement in national laws are recommended. Employing a legal analysis and literature review methodology, the article will outline and review environmental and industrial policies in Nigeria to see what review or amendment options are available in line with the commitments and obligations under international law, while also making inferences from select countries.


Author Biography

Oluchi Azoro-Amadi, Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies

LLM (Law) (NSUK); LLB. (Hons.); Research Fellow II, Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies.


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How to Cite

Uche, Lilian Onyinyechi, and Oluchi Azoro-Amadi. “Aligning Nigeria’s International Obligations: A Comprehensive Analysis of Environmental Protection Within the Industrial Law and Policy Framework”. South African Yearbook of International Law, 34 pages.



Received 2023-11-01
Accepted 2023-12-11
Published 2024-04-17