Southern African Journal of Social Work and Social Development <p><em>Southern African Journal of Social Work and Social Development, </em>formerly<em> The Social Work Practitioner-Researcher,</em> is a refereed interdisciplinary journal for social workers and social service professionals concerned with the advancement of the theory and practice of social work and social development in Africa and in a changing global world.&nbsp;</p> Unisa Press en-US Southern African Journal of Social Work and Social Development 2520-0097 Peacebuilding Through Early Childhood Care and Education in a Post-Conflict Society: The Roles of the Parents and the Early Childhood Development Centres in Gulu District, Northern Uganda <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">This article presents a qualitative study conducted in Gulu district, northern Uganda, in 2018 and 2019 on peacebuilding through early childhood care and education. The aim of the study was to understand the roles played by the parents and early childhood development institutions in promoting peacebuilding traits in children, which is not the norm in evidence-based studies and literature. The study was framed by the ecology-of-peace framework, the root causes or justice theory and the sociocultural theory. The study was exploratory, cross-sectional and descriptive in nature and adopted two non-probability sampling techniques, namely purposive and convenience sampling. Semi-structured primary source data were collected through key informant interviews. Other sources of data were four non-participatory observations of children in three centres and document reviews of the Ugandan National Integrated Early Childhood Development Policy and its action plan, lesson plans and the curriculum. The findings indicate that many of the core parental roles fulfil the requirements for successful peacebuilding through early childhood care and education approaches, yet have gone unnoticed in peacebuilding and early childhood care and education. The role of early childhood care and education complement that of parents in preparing children to be better citizens. Recommendations are directed to stakeholders to support early childhood care and education.</span></p> Thobeka Ntini Julius Omona Copyright (c) 2022 Unisa Press 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 34 1 19 pages 19 pages 10.25159/2708-9355/9535 From Imperialism to Radical Hospitality: Propositions for Reconfiguring Social Work towards a Justice-To-Come <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">The focus of the article is on injustices towards South African families in postcolonial and neocolonial contexts, our understanding of which has been greatly enlarged by Nancy Fraser’s conceptualisations of expropriation and imperialism and Jacques Derrida’s notions of hostility and hospitality. We used Walter Benjamin’s and Karen Barad’s montage methods of fragmentary writing to diffractively read expropriation, imperialism, hostility and hospitality through one another in <span style="color: black;">the context of </span>injustices done to South African families. A diffractive methodology entails a close and attentive reading of concepts or pieces of text through one another, to arrive at new insights <span style="color: black;">with regard to </span>a particular issue. The new insights we arrive at in the article are five propositions for ethically engaging in a justice-to-come for social work – that of attentiveness, rendering each other capable, responsibility, response-ability and radical hospitality.</span></p> Vivienne Bozalek Dorothee Hölscher Copyright (c) 2022 Unisa Press 2022-04-07 2022-04-07 34 1 17 pages 17 pages 10.25159/2708-9355/8889 Social Workers’ Perceptions of Their Role to Advocate Social Justice of Sexual Minorities <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to the social work profession. It has been well established that social workers can play a crucial role in redressing challenges faced by sexual minorities. <span style="color: black;">Nevertheless, </span>little is known about the roles of social workers in advocating social justice of sexual minorities <span style="color: black;">in practice, </span>particularly in South Africa. In this study, we therefore aimed to gain an understanding of social workers’ perceptions of their role to advocate social justice of sexual minorities. This article is extracted from a qualitative study with a sample of 16 social workers who were selected purposively. For the professional social workers to be eligible to participate in the study, they needed to be registered with the South African Council for Social Service Professions, provide services to sexual minorities, work as social workers for at least one year, and speak and communicate in English. The data <span style="color: black;">presented </span>in this article were analysed using thematic analysis. The findings of the study indicate that social workers perceive their role in advocating social justice of sexual minorities to include being an advocate, educator and broker. In addition, the findings reflect that social work professionals are confronted with personal and religious beliefs and <span style="color: black;">the scope of </span>practice as barriers to efficiently execute their roles when advocating social justice of sexual minorities. We conclude that social workers need to advocate social justice of sexual minorities at a policy level to move them from micro intervention practice to a macro practice intervention. Based on the findings of the study, we recommend that social work education and practicum cultivate advocacy skills for the social justice of sexual minorities.</span></p> Sinazo Nyembezi Zibonele France Zimba Copyright (c) 2022 Unisa Press 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 34 1 17 pages 17 pages 10.25159/2708-9355/8739 An Exploration of Social Assistance Programmes in Eswatini, South Africa and Zambia <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">Presently, many countries in the Global South are increasingly recognising the critical role that social assistance programmes play in poverty reduction and the strengthening of the livelihoods of vulnerable groups. This trend has been gaining momentum in Africa, especially in the last decade, with many countries implementing social assistance programmes or social cash transfers to improve people’s living standards. Despite this, there is still a lack of information and evidence on the way in which these programmes are being rolled out in Africa and particularly in southern Africa. In this article, we discuss social assistance programmes in three southern African countries, namely, Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland), South Africa and Zambia. We attempt to fill the said gap by providing an account of social assistance programmes in the three countries. We examine the way in which national institutions and systems are evolving in response to the provision of social assistance to the citizens of Eswatini, South Africa and Zambia. Through an exploratory study and review of secondary data, we attempt to tease out the key drivers of social assistance programmes in the three countries. Some suggestions are made for improving the social assistance in the three countries.</span></p> Beatrice Sakala Ndangwa Noyoo Lungile Mabundza-Dlamini Copyright (c) 2022 Unisa Press 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 34 1 17 pages 17 pages 10.25159/2708-9355/8620 “They Are Not Leaving Without Their Money”: Exploring Encounters With the State Through Cash Transfers in the Rural Eastern Cape, South Africa <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">In this article, I explore the ways in which encounters with the state through cash transfers shape state–citizen relations in the rural Eastern Cape, South Africa. I expand on literature that advances an understanding of the way in which state cash transfers can act as a vehicle for either strengthening a sense of citizenship, dignity and entitlement or reproducing inequality, stigmatisation and shame. Using qualitative methods to explore cash transfer recipients’ own lived experiences and drawing on a social justice framework, I illustrate complex state–citizen relations in rural South Africa. Although some recipients perceive grants as a form of charity, there is also a growing sense of entitlement to receiving cash transfers. The interviews and observations suggest that misrecognition has occurred through mistreatment by state officials and extraordinary long queues during a change in service delivery. However, the encounters with state bureaucracy are also potential avenues in which impoverished people see the state and gain recognition, which contributes to a sense of citizenship.</span></p> Stefan Granlund Copyright (c) 2022 Unisa Press 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 34 1 10.25159/2708-9355/9052 Experiences of Women in Precarious Employment in South Africa’s Economy <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">South African policy discourses about the feminisation of poverty have been dominated by the notion that poor women remain poor because they are trapped in the “second economy” disconnected from the mainstream first economy. Based on research conducted in Makhushane in rural Limpopo and in one low-income community in Gauteng, I present compelling evidence for complex practices of reciprocity of informal economic activity and self-employment. The article examines women’s agency in informal work with particular reference to the heterogeneous nature of the South African economy. This article profiles the lives of 16 single mothers who provide insights into the challenges they confront while working in the second economy. I argue that these forms of informal livelihood activities are economically invaluable and subsidiary and supplement the first economy in complex ways. By examining the lives of single mothers, this article attempts to testify to the persistence of gender inequalities and complex life choices and life chances that women confront in the second economy. This article seeks to contribute to the discourses on gender and economic development and calls for policymakers to support the livelihood strategies of women who are found at the margins of the first economy.</span></p> Tanusha Raniga Copyright (c) 2022 Unisa Press 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 34 1 18 pages 18 pages 10.25159/2708-9355/8847 Bringing Theory to Life in Social Justice Research <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">This article is written in honour of Professor Tessa Hochfeld’s life and work, as part of the special issue on social and gender justice. In the article, we seek to show that Hochfeld positioned herself within the social justice research tradition but was not satisfied with normative ideas of utopian societies; rather theory was only useful in its ability to present solutions to and highlight gaps in states’ efforts to create just societies. We propose several characteristics of theory within social justice-oriented research aiming towards positive change, which Hochfeld through her methodological approach and empirical investigations contributed to. These characteristics of social justice theory are that it is instrumental, emancipatory, incomplete, paradox-sensitive, and relational. We end by bringing these characteristics together to discuss implications for the epistemology of social justice research, for <span style="color: black;">the nature of </span>the state and for <span style="color: black;">the nature of </span>social policy solutions.</span></p> Marianne S. Ulriksen Sophie Plagerson Copyright (c) 2021 Unisa Press 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 34 1 17 pages 17 pages 10.25159/2708-9355/8648