Southern African Journal of Security https://unisapressjournals.co.za/index.php/sajs <p><strong>Open Access</strong></p> <p>The journal publishes peer reviewed articles and papers that report on and analyse the latest research and innovation in the field of security studies. It seeks to address broader societal issues of importance to law, safety and security of citizens and criminal justice-related topics. It pursues articles that define and reflect the various aspects of security and encourages researchers to generate innovative contributions to the knowledge economy in a scientific way. It also publishes reviews and commentaries on significant books or current issues and cover informative aspects like editorials, topical reviews, book reviews, and scholarly correspondence.</p> Unisa Press en-US Southern African Journal of Security 3005-4222 Usefulness of Artificial Intelligence to Safeguard Records in Libraries: A New Trend https://unisapressjournals.co.za/index.php/sajs/article/view/16803 <p>This study investigated the usefulness of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in record-keeping in libraries. The objectives of the study were to analyse current trends in AI applications for record-keeping in libraries, evaluate the effectiveness of AI in protecting library records from physical and digital threats, explore the impact of AI on the efficiency and accuracy of record management in libraries, and identify potential factors that may limit the implementation of AI in library systems. Using a qualitative research approach, the study reviewed existing literature and case studies to assess AI’s contributions and limitations in library settings. The literature search was conducted using three major academic databases: Google Scholar, ResearchGate, and Emerald. These databases were selected based on their comprehensive coverage of scholarly articles, ease of access, and relevance to the fields of information science, library science, and technology. The findings revealed that AI significantly improves the automation of cataloguing and metadata management, thus reducing human error and increasing operational efficiency. AI also enhances the preservation of both digital and physical records through real-time monitoring and automated repair solutions. Additionally, AI-powered search engines provide more relevant and accurate search results by leveraging natural language processing and semantic search capabilities. However, the study also highlights challenges such as data quality issues, data privacy, biases in AI algorithms, and staff and user resistance. The policy implications include the necessity for funding and regulatory support, while practical implications involve the adoption of AI tools and staff training. For librarianship, adapting to new AI technologies and advocating for ethical AI use are essential.</p> Onome Osagie Bolaji Oladokun Copyright (c) 2024 Onome Queen Osagie, Bolaji David Oladokun https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-19 2024-06-19 13 pages 13 pages 10.25159/3005-4222/16803 Enhancing National Security and Combating Insurgency in Nigeria: The Role of the Library https://unisapressjournals.co.za/index.php/sajs/article/view/15742 <p>This study underscores the integral role of libraries in promoting transparency, resilience, and collective efforts towards a more secure and stable nation. Libraries are positioned as dynamic information repositories, housing a diverse array of materials that range from academic research to intelligence analyses providing valuable insights into the complexities of insurgency. Through systematic literature reviews, articles were harvested from databases including Google Scholar, Research Gate, Academia, and ProQuest. The study examines the pivotal role of libraries in enhancing national security and combating insurgency in Nigeria. Findings reveal that libraries play a crucial role in public education and awareness, promoting literacy and critical thinking skills essential for citizens to resist extremist ideologies. Findings further indicate that the collaborative nature of libraries as neutral grounds facilitates cooperation among diverse stakeholders, fostering the exchange of insights and experiences that contribute to the development of innovative strategies. Findings recognise the contributions that libraries have made in generating new knowledge and cultivating an informed citizenry to address the root causes of insurgency and foster sustainable peace in Nigeria. The study highlights that libraries in Nigeria can play a vital role in enhancing national security and combating insurgency by serving as hubs for disseminating accurate information, fostering critical thinking skills, countering extremist propaganda, building community resilience, providing professional development opportunities, advocating for effective policies, and preserving national identity. The study recommends leveraging resource and community networks that can contribute significantly to peacebuilding efforts in the country. The study recommends the need not to overlook the role of libraries in national security and counterinsurgency efforts, offering insights into innovative approaches and strategies for addressing these challenges.</p> Onyema Nsirim Clementina Clement-Abraham Aminatu Ajie Copyright (c) 2024 Onyema Nsirim, Clementina Clement-Abraham, Aminatu Ajie https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-05 2024-06-05 16 pages 16 pages 10.25159/3005-4222/15742 The Advancement of 4IR Technologies and Increasing Cyberattacks in South Africa https://unisapressjournals.co.za/index.php/sajs/article/view/15157 <p>The fourth industrial revolution (4IR) is an era characterised by accelerated technological progress. Even though access to 4IR technologies is not yet widespread, in the current era, 4IR technologies affect socio-economic activities and digital business. The pace of digital transformation also has some implications for cybersecurity. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of these 4IR technologies on cyberattacks in South Africa. The study used qualitative data collection methods, namely, interviews and document collection. Purposive and convenience sampling were used to select the study participants. An analysis of the collected data yielded four major findings. A major tenet of these findings was that there is a correlation between the advancement of 4IR technologies and the rapid increase in cyberattacks in South Africa. The study has made theoretical and practical contributions as well as some essential contributions to digital transformation and cybersecurity theories. The findings and recommendations of the study can be used in other countries in southern Africa. One recommendation is for business executives to implement certain measures to strengthen cybersecurity in their organisations. Further, policymakers in South Africa are advised to ensure that public policies and law enforcement agencies are able to use advanced technologies to prevent and deal with cyberattacks.</p> Rabelani Dagada Copyright (c) 2024 Rabelani Dagada https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 27 pages 27 pages 10.25159/3005-4222/15157 Assessment of Modern Preservation Practices at the Federal University Otuoke Library, Bayelsa State https://unisapressjournals.co.za/index.php/sajs/article/view/15899 <div> <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">The study titled Assessment of Modern Preservation Practices at the Federal University Otuoke Library, Bayelsa State, Nigeria' was conducted to evaluate the contemporary preservation practices at the library, identify challenges in implementing modern preservation methods, and propose recommendations for improvement. The assessment aims to ensure the protection of collections and fulfil the library's role as a custodian of knowledge. Qualitative research methodology was employed, and data were collected through interviews with five librarians from the electronic library, focusing on the study's relevant questions. The study included the entire population due to its small size, eliminating the need for sampling. Content analysis was utilised to analyse the collected data, and the results were summarised in a comprehensive research report. The findings revealed that the library's current preservation method is its website, with efforts underway to establish an institutional repository. However, the library faces challenges in adopting the institutional repository and other advanced preservation techniques due to limited financial resources and lack of administrative support. In conclusion, the study highlights the importance of effectively addressing financial constraints and gaining administrative support to adopt modern preservation methods. Through advocacy efforts, seeking external funds, and establishing partnerships, the Federal University Otuoke Library can enhance the preservation of its digital holdings and ensure their long-term accessibility. Based on the findings, the researchers recommended that the library establish strategic advocacy approaches to underscore the significance of digital preservation and institutional repositories and take practical measures to garner support from the university administration. Additionally, budgetary constraints should be addressed by securing financing from external sources and </span><span lang="EN-GB">collaborating with institutions dedicated to digital preservation practices.</span></p> </div> Kolawole Francis Ogunbodede Ebere Edith Onah Copyright (c) 2024 Kolawole Francis Ogunbodede, Anthonia Omehia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-05 2024-06-05 18 pages 18 pages 10.25159/3005-4222/15899 Cybersecurity Risks: A Sine Qua Non for University Libraries in Africa https://unisapressjournals.co.za/index.php/sajs/article/view/15320 <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-GB">In addressing the pressing issue of cybersecurity risks, it is imperative to situate academics’ focus within the specific context of university libraries in Africa. The realm of information management and academic resources in this region is not exempt from the escalating challenges posed by cyberthreats. It has become evident that a gap exists in understanding and effectively mitigating these risks within the unique environment of African university libraries. This article reports on a study which indicated that academic libraries may face threats, such as line tapping, improper system processing, and the use of malicious software. These threats bear significant consequences, such as the potential loss of sensitive data, damage to reputation, and financial losses. The study therefore examined cybersecurity risks in African university libraries and the need to promote cyberethical practices. The study employed a qualitative research approach based on the explanatory research method. In so doing, the use of a systematic literature review was adopted to examine cybersecurity risks in African university libraries and the imperative to promote cyberethical practices. Using a purposive sampling technique, the researchers collected articles published between 2015 and 2023 on the databases of Emerald and ResearchGate for the review. The study findings illuminated the multifaceted nature of cybersecurity risks, encompassing issues such as malware attacks, phishing, ransomware, and identity theft. These risks, if unaddressed, can lead to severe consequences, including intellectual property theft, reputational damage, and financial losses. Therefore, the study recommends that African university libraries should prioritise cybersecurity education for both staff and users; must develop and regularly update comprehensive cyberethics policies that address the unique challenges faced in the African context; and should explore avenues for improving their technological infrastructure. Investments in advanced security systems, regular software updates, and the adoption of emerging technologies will strengthen African university libraries’ resilience against cyberthreats.</span></p> Bolaji Oladokun Emmanuel Oloniruha Deborah Mazah Obediah Okechukwu Copyright (c) 2024 Bolaji David Oladokun, Emmanuel Oloniruha, Deborah Mazah, Obediah Chukwuka Okechukwu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 14 pages 14 pages 10.25159/3005-4222/15320