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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs and DOIs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • This is a new submission, not a revised version of a manuscript already under review within Nano-Horizons.

Author Guidelines

Requirements Specific to Nano-Horizons

Please read these requirements in conjunction with the style guide that follows them.

Article length

There are no word limits to submissions to Nano-Horizons.

Abstract length

Submissions should include an abstract.


Submissions should include six to ten keywords arranged in order of relevance.

General Style Guidelines: IEEE, Citation-Sequence

1. Guidelines for Technical Preparation of Manuscripts


Submit manuscripts electronically as Microsoft Word files.

All graphic material has to be positioned at the correct place in the text and should be of a good quality. Do not add supplementary files with graphic content.

Manuscripts must be presented as: A4 pages; normal margins; 12pt Times Roman; 1.5 line spacing.

Proofing language must be set as UK English (e.g. colour—not color; travelled—not traveled; organise; organisation; organising—not -ize).

Do not type double spaces anywhere; not between words, at the end of sentences or after colons.

Type hard spaces (shift + control + space bar) when phrases are preferred to be presented as a unit, e.g.10_000; Vol. 1 (2):_22–21.

Authors should include their affiliation or ORCID below their full name, after the title of the article.


Acknowledgements appear at the end of the article, should be brief, and recognise sources of financial and logistical support and permission to reproduce materials from other sources. Save a copy of documentation granting such permission. Adherence to copyright rules remains each author’s sole responsibility.


Use Mathtype for display and inline equations, but not for single variables. Single variables should be inserted into the text as Unicode characters.


Give the full name when first mentioned (with acronym in parentheses), thereafter use the acronym uniformly and consistently:

Unisa; CSIR; HSRC; Sabinet/SABINET

Tables and Figures

Table headings appear above the tables and are numbered.

E.g. Table 1: Our Table

Figure captions appear below the figures and are numbered.

Captions of figures other than artworks should be short and descriptive.

Include authors cited in tables and figures in the reference list.

Supply the source below the table or figure, if material is copyrighted.

2. Citation Guidelines: IEEE, Citation-Sequence

In Text:

In the body of the text, citations are indicated as square-bracketed numbers in the sequence in which they appear in the text. The same number is used for all references to the same text. The end references are numbered to match the sequence of the in-text citations.

References should be placed immediately after the relevant word or phrase but before any punctuation.

References (For a full list of examples see



Author(s). Title. Place of publication: publisher; date.


B. Klaus and P. Horn, Robot Vision. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press, 1986.

Book Chapters


L. Li, J. Yang, and C. Li, “Super-resolution restoration and image reconstruction for passive millimeter wave imaging,” in Image Restoration—Recent Advances and Applications, A. Histace, Ed., Rijeka, Croatia: InTech, 2012, pp. 25–45.


L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55–70.

Journal Articles (Online)


Author, “Name of article,” Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year, doi: xxx.

Note that journal titles are abbreviated.


M. Chiampi and L. L. Zilberti, “Induction of electric field in human bodies moving near MRI: An efficient BEM computational procedure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol. 58, pp. 2787–2793, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2011.2158315.

Theses or Dissertations


Author, “Title of thesis,” document type, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.


O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA, 1993.



Name of the invention, by inventor’s name. (year, month day). Patent Number [Type of medium]. Available: site/path/file


Musical toothbrush with adjustable neck and mirror, by L. M. R. Brooks. (1992, May 19). Patent D 326 189 [Online]. Available: NEXIS Library: LEXPAT File: DESIGN



First Name Initial(s) Last Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed)


J. Smith. “Obama inaugurated as President.” (accessed Feb. 1, 2009).

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