Land Matters and Rural Development: 2021




land reform distribution, tenure reform, section 25 of the Constitution, Land Court Bill, housing, rural development and land reform, unlawful occupation of land and eviction


While the report period was dominated by the review process of the property clause, aimed at enabling the expropriation of land for land reform purposes at nil compensation, various other important developments occurred in 2021, dealing with land. Included herewith was the publication of various bills, dealing inter alia, with the Land Court and housing-related matters; the publication of the long-awaited Upgrading of Land Rights Amendment Act, as well as the handing down of critical judgments within the domains of redistribution, tenure reform and restitution respectively. Given that the review process did not result in an amended property clause, the underlying difficulties in land reform continue to be addressed holistically under the extant, unchanged section 25 of the Constitution.


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Author Biographies

Juanita M Pienaar, Stellenbosch University

Faculty of Law

Willemien Du Plessis, North-West University

Faculty of Law

Ebrezia Johnson, Stellenbosch University

Faculty of Law


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Anon, ‘Land handed to Covie Community’ SANews (30 April 2021).

Anon, ‘Land Reform: District Six Claims Process Moves Forward’ Legalbrief (13 April 2021).

Anon, ‘Five Million Hectares Acquired Since Inception of Land Reform’ SANews (12 March 2021).

Anon, ‘436,563 Hectares Released under Land Distribution Programme’ Bizcommunity (13 May 2021).

Broughton T, ‘Millions of Rands in Suspicious Transactions Found in Accounts of Limpopo Land Claimants’ GroundUp (18 August 2021).

DEA&DP, ‘Deadline for Western Cape Inclusionary Housing Policy Framework Process Approaches’ (16 June 2021) <> accessed 18 September 2022.

Du Plessis E, Written and Oral Submissions to the Portfolio Committee: Justice and Correctional Services on the Land Court Bill, 2021, 23 July.

Felix J. ‘R10bn to be Spent on Upgrading Informal settlements, Sisulu tells Parliament’ Fin24 (18 May 2021).

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Abahlali Basemjondolo Movement SA v Premier of the Province of Kwazulu-Natal [2010] (2) BCLR 99 (CC).

Adendorff NO v Kubheka [2022] ZASCA 29 (24 March 2022).

Cindi Family v Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform (LCC115/2008; LCC026/2007) [2021] ZALCC 7; 2021 (6) SA 133 (LCC) (19 May 2021).

City of Cape Town v Those persons attempting and/or intending to settle on the erven in District Six the details of which are identified in Annexure A to notice of motion 7349/2021) [2021] ZAWCHC 98 [19 May 2021].

Commando v Woodstock Hub (Pty) Ltd [2021] 4 All SA 408 (WCC).

Council for the Advancement of the South African Constitution v The Ingonyama Trust 2021 (8) BCLR 866 (KZP); [2021] 3 All SA 437 (KZP); 2022 (1) SA 251 (KZP).

Dawson v Sidney on Vaal CPA [2021] 2 All SA 429 (NC); 2021 (6) SA 167 (NCK).

Greeff v Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd [2021] ZALCC 22 [17 September 2021].

Grobler v Phillips [2021] ZASCA 100 [14 July 2021].

Herbert NO v Senqu Municipality 2019 (11) BCLR 1343 (CC).

Herbert NO v Senqu Municipality (2457/2016) [2020] ZAECGHC 45 [19 May 2020].

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Herbert N.O. and Others v Senqu Municipality and Others (742/2020) [2021] ZASCA 177 [17 December 2021) <>

Moletele Community and Others v Mnisi, Khoza, Sbuyana and Munisi Communities/Tribe Members/Families (LCC206/2010; LCC 20/2012) [2020] ZALCC 11 [3 July 2020].

Moloto Community v Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform [2022] ZALCC 4 [11 February 2022].

Msiza v Director-General, Department of Rural Development and Land Reform 2016 (5) SA 513 (LCC).

Nimble Investments (Pty) Ltd v Malan [2021] ZASCA 129 [30 September 2021].

Nzimande and 129 Others v The Director General of the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (LCC 41/2011) [2021] ZALCC 26 [18 October 2021].

Rahube v Rahube 2019 (2) SA 54 (CC).

Rathabeng Properties (Pty) Ltd v Mohlaoli (18957/2019) [2021] ZAGPJHC 8 [15 February 2021].


Communal Property Association Act 28 of 1996.

Development Trust and Land Act 18 of 1936.

Draft Constitution Eighteenth Amendment Bill, 2021.

Extension of Security of Tenure Act 62 of 1997.

Interim Protection of Informal Land Rights Act 31 of 1996.

KwaZulu-Natal Elimination and Prevention of Re-emergence of Slums Amendment Bill, 2020.

KwaZulu-Natal Ingonyama Trust Act 3 of 1994.

KwaZulu Land Affairs Act 11 of 1992.

KwaZulu Land Affairs (Permission to Occupy) Regulation KwaZulu GN 32 of 1994.

Land Administration Act 2 of 1995.

Land Court Bill [B11-2021].

Land Reform (Labour Tenant) Act 3 of 1996.

Land Reform: Provision of Land and Assistance Act 126 of 1993.

Prevention of Illegal Eviction from and Unlawful Occupation of Land Act 19 of 1998.

Property Valuation Act 17 of 2014.

Rental Housing Act 50 of 1999.

Restitution of Land Rights Act 22 of 1994.

Upgrading of Land Tenure Rights Act 108 of 1991.

Upgrading of Land Tenure Rights Amendment Act 6 of 2021.

Government Gazettes

The Draft Constitution Eighteenth Amendment Bill GG 42902 (13 December 2019).

Proposed Rental Housing Tribunal Regulations GG 44333 (26 March 2021) GN 262.

An explanatory summary of the Land Court Bill GG 44480 (23 April 2021).

Proposed Rental Housing Tribunal Regulations GG 44383 (1 April 2021) GN 296.

KwaZulu-Natal Elimination and Prevention of Re-emergence of Slums Amendment Bill PG 2256 (5 March 2021) PN 2 (KwaZulu Natal).




How to Cite

Pienaar, Juanita M, Willemien Du Plessis, and Ebrezia Johnson. 2022. “Land Matters and Rural Development: 2021”. Southern African Public Law 37 (2):23 pages.