Dependency Theory and Donor Aid: A Critical Analysis

Authors

  • ITAI KABONGA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25159/0304-615X/1096

Keywords:

dependency, dependency theory, donor aid, poor countries, richer countries

Abstract

This article is a theoretical interrogation and appreciation of the relationship that hitherto exists between the dependency theory and donor aid. A number of scholars have heaped aspersions on the relevance of the dependency theory. This article argues that dependency theory is still relevant and has flared in this current epoch. Donor aid has emerged as a symbol of dependency, supporting the argument on the relevance of dependency theory. Donor aid has emerged as a nuanced form of dependency on western countries. Dependency theory, which originated in the 1950s, has Singer and Prebisch as the progenitors – and emerged as a result of the growing dissatisfaction with modernity theories that had propounded that economic growth in developed countries was similarly going to lead to unabated growth and development in poorer countries. The theory is premised on resources being extracted from poorer countries to enrich wealthy nations. The continuation of this scenario has resulted in a situation where poverty has been exacerbated among the poorer nations, while the wealthy nations are becoming richer. Donor aid has, in a plethora of ways, enriched the rich countries while dialectically impoverishing poor countries. It is not an exaggeration that donor money that is being extended to Third World countries, has created more employment, demand for goods and services in richer countries than in poorer countries, thus perpetuating underdevelopment in the latter. Donor aid has undoubtedly, been used as a rod to whip Third World countries at variance, with self-serving interests. On the other hand, the insatiable desire for aid has forced the poorer countries to submit to the dictates of the richer countries.

References

Abuzeid, F. 2009. “Foreign Aid and the Push Theory, Lessons From sub-Saharan Africa.â€

Stanford Journal of International Relations Vol (6) 2–11.

Ajayi, K. 2000. International Administration and Economic Relations in a Changing World.

Ilorin: Majab Publishers.

Aruko, F. and Aruwolo K. 2010. “The Third World’s Debt Crisis and the Implication For

Economic Development, the Nigerian Experience.†African Journal of Political Science and International Relations. Vol (4) 120–127.

Carlson, J., Somolekae, G. and van de Walle, N. 2000. Foreign Aid in Africa, Learning From

Country Experience. Chicago:Routledge.

Dos Santos, T. 1971. "The Structure of Dependence." In Readings in U.S. Imperialism, edited by K.T.

Fann and Donald C. Hodges. Boston: Porter Sargent, 226.

Easterly, P. 2006. The Realities of Foreign Aid to Third World Countries. London: Kegan Paul.

Feraro, V. 1996 “Dependency Theoryâ€: An Introduction, Mount Holyoke College. South Hadley

MA.

Frank A. G. 1967. Crisis in the Third World. New York. Holmes and Meier.

Gara, H. 2009. An Analysis of European Union (EU) Aid to Zimbabwe from 1980 to 2000. Harare:

University of Zimbabwe.

Gukumure, S. 2012. “Interrogating Foreign Aid and Sustainable Development Conundrum in African Countries; A Zimbabwe Experience of Debt Trap and Service Delivery.†International Journal of Politics and Good Governance Vol 3. No 3.4, Quarter IV.

Kabonga, I. 2015. “Impact of Donor Aid on Socio-Economic Development: A Case of Chegutu

District.†Unpublished Masters Dissertation. Gweru: Midlands State University.

Lohani, S. 2004. Effects of Foreign on Development: Does More Money Bring Development.

Illinois: Illinois Wesleyan University.

Mabuto, M., and Mupamhadzi, V. 2013. The Farmer in the York of Effects of Humanitarian Aid

on Rural Farmers of Mberengwa Ward 17(20052007) In Zimbabwe. Greener Journal of

Social Sciences Vol 3(4) 180–186 https://doi.org/10.15580/GJSS.2013.4.020813441

Matunhu, J. 2011. “A Critique of Mordenization and Dependency Theories in Africa:

Critical Assessment.†African Journal of History and Culture Vol 3(5) 65–72.

Moyo, D. 2009. Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and There Is a Way for Africa. New York:

Straus and Giroux.

Nazneen, R. 1993. “Impact of Foreign Aid in Developing Countries.†MA Thesis. Quebec,

Concordia University.

OECD. 2011. Aid for Trade at a Glance: Showing Results. Washington. OECD Publishing.

Rajan, M. 2008. Foreign Aid Effectiveness in Developing Countries. London: Routledge.

Rodney W. 1972. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Dar es Salaam: Tanzanian Publishing

House.

Stevenson, C. 2006. Foreign Aid a Solution to Development. London: Routledge.

Sunkel, O. 1969. "National Development Policy and External Dependence in Latin America."

The Journal of Development Studies Vol. 6 no. 1, 23.

Todaro, M. P., and Smith, S.C. 2003. Economic Development (8th Edition). New Delhi: Addison

Wesley.

Published

2017-10-26

How to Cite

KABONGA, ITAI. 2017. “Dependency Theory and Donor Aid: A Critical Analysis”. Africanus: Journal of Development Studies 46 (2):29-39. https://doi.org/10.25159/0304-615X/1096.

Issue

Section

Articles
Received 2016-05-11
Accepted 2017-07-30
Published 2017-10-26